THE NOTION OF TYRANNY IN THE MEDIEVAL PERIOD
The aim of the article is to show different aspects of the problem of tyranny. The issue of worthy and unworthy power is connected with the idea of the right of resistance and the issue of legal and moral aspects of tyrannicide. The article highlights the ideas of common wealth and the relation between the statutory law and the law of nature which were characteristic for the whole medieval thought. It underlines the differences connected with the interpretation of the idea of supremacy and the issue of divine prerogative which the person in power was entitled to.
The article analyses the notion of “tyranny,” its different types, especially in the aspect of gaining power (tyranny a titulo and tyranny ab exercitio) and exercising it (“soft” and “hard” tyranny).