FROM STUDIES ON THE PROSECUTION OF NAZI CRIMES IN POLISH LEGAL SYSTEM
The articles discusses the issues concerning the procedure of the prosecution of Nazi crimes in Polish legal system. The text has been mostly based on the current statutory situation, on the decisions of Polish courts which refer to it and on the theses of scholarly literature. Due to the specific nature of this issue which was often regulated by old-time laws (like the Decree on the Central Commission and District Commissions for the Examination of German Crimes in Poland from 10.11.1945 or the Decree on the penalties for the fascist-and-Nazi criminals guilty of murdering and tormenting civilian population and prisoners and for the traitors of Polish nation from 31.08.1944), the article relates the most important international declarations dealing with the subject of prosecuting war criminals. They were enacted during World War II and included the basic ramifi cations concerning the way of bringing people who committed war crimes to justice. The article also discusses the activities undertaken by various Commissions (which changed through the years) created in order to prosecute Nazi crimes. It also reflects on the origins and meaning of the term “Nazi crimes”.