INTEGRATED ANTI-TOTALITARIANISM OF JÓZEF MARIA BOCHEŃSKI
Father Professor Józef Franciszek Emanuel Innocenty Maria Bocheński, OP, cannot be excluded from the ranks of the most prominent Polish experts on Marxist philosophy and sovietologists. He was both a thinker and a “human institution,” a person of clearly anti-Communist views, who devoted the better part of his life to a multi-faceted struggle against totalitarianism. Phenomenon, which was the personality, activity and thought of Father Józef Maria Bocheński, cannot be understood by concentrating only on part of his achievements and interests. In order to understand his importance as an extremely significant point of resistance against every totalitarian doctrine, we have to look at Father Innocenty in the most comprehensive way possible. In my opinion, his opposition against totalitarianism not only possessed a purely intellectual dimension but was also intrinsically connected with his personality. The whole way of life and thinking of Bocheński was saturated with the notion of liberty, both in individual and communal context. His aversion towards every attempt at enslavement had strong foundations, probably deriving from the period of his childhood. That is why, in order to grasp what is most important for Bocheński, we should remember almost every aspect of his activities and interests; all of them carried an immense anti-totalitarian message. Apart from his philosophical and popularizing achievements, the organizational activity and the very personality of the monk also remains of crucial importance. His eccentric behavior is to this day recollected with sentiment by pupils of Professor Bocheński (and not only by them). The upbringing in Polish culture was the keystone of pro-liberty attitude and diverse endeavors of Józef Maria Bocheński. Polish culture became a major foundation of the anti-totalitarian attitude of Polish logician.