EDUCATION IN THE AUTHORITARIAN STATE. THE DEBATE ON THE NATURE OF SCHOOL IN THE SECOND POLISH REPUBLIC
This article deals with the question of the legal nature and model of education system in the Second Polish Republic, particularly during the “sanacja” period. Polish authoritarian state created an educational project in state schools founded on the basis of “civic” (“state”) education (which, however, evolved towards national education), simultaneously accepting the granting of the highest regard within national scholar system to religious education. “Sanacja” partially succeeded with its ideas, efficiently mobilizing the young generation of Poles into the fight against the external threat in 1939, but the efforts aimed at civic assimilation of national minorities did not produce the expected results. This program was a particular answer to the problem of state involvement in the national antagonisms and contradictions rending society. Nevertheless, the Polish government did not obtain the hoped-for and predicted results from this program, and was forced in the late 30s to return to the nationalistic course (not only in education policy).